Best Ways To Utilize Rubbish Removal

Papers and plastic are common garbage for any business establishment that can be collected by office rubbish removal Sydney. We have heard the words ‘One man’s trash is another man’s treasure’ enough times to know what it means. Sometimes, what we think is a trash can still be useful for others – and even to our future selves. Rubbish removal is becoming an increasingly challenging feat. People just don’t manage their junk well and many get rid of their garbage inappropriately. Various organizations and environmentalists encourage us to recycle our trash as much as possible but not everyone really does it. It is time-consuming and can even be a pain to organize all of your trash, figuring out Calgary dump hours, finding out where the city of Calgary dump is and all the things you have to consider in order to get rid of things that you consider rubbish.

Fortunately, as long as you are in the Calgary area, you can sign up for Calgary junk removal services and they will take care of it all for you. Rubbish removal has never been this hassle-free!

To give you an idea of what you can do about your garbage, here are some of the best ways to utilize garbage disposal:

1. Make use of storage units

Instead of dumping furniture that is still in mint condition, consider finding spacious Calgary storage units instead. You would be able to stow away furniture and appliances that you no longer use. After all, you never really know what will happen in the future. What looks like garbage now might come in handy in the future! Inquire with your local Calgary junk removal team to find out about affordable, storage units in Calgary that you can use for your furniture.

2. Recycle Your Electronics

It’s always a bad idea to throw electronics at the City of Calgary dump – or anywhere, really. It might look like a trivial matter, but the environment suffers immensely with every electronic gadget or device thrown away in the trash. Electronics recycling in Calgary is highly encouraged. You can always sell old electronics, albeit at a lower price than your original buying price. Even if your electronic devices are defective or malfunctioning, you can still use the parts to repair other similar devices or sell it to repair shops where it can be put to good use.

3. Make the Most Out of metals

If you just let it be, metals will just be eaten away by rust. Rust will just render your metal wastes useless – which is a pity because you can still use these metals for something else. You can make money out of old metal at the very least. You can contact your local rubbish removal company to know more about Calgary metal recycling services in your area.

These are just some of the various things you can do with the things you own when they are no longer in use. You can contact a trustworthy person who offers rubbish removal services to get rid of your stuff easily and effortlessly. There won’t be a need to concern yourself too much about your electronics, metals, and furniture that are no longer in use!

Awesome Tips That Will Help You Plan A Party, With Perfection

Fairground Follies offers function rooms Brunswick attendees an escape from the everyday. Nestled within the Mechanical Music Museum, this venue boasts fair attractions, a whimsical canopy, and thousands of fairy lights. Parties are one fun element to spark up your dull life. However, planning one can be a daunting task. As the days pass and you get close to your big day, all types of confusions and complications seems to appear haunting you. However, with a little planning you can easily get through the tough phase. Here it is important to note that not everyone has the ability to plan and for such people, we have compiled this list of tips and tricks. Whether you are planning a birthday party or a wedding event, a retirement celebration or a bachelor party bash, these planning tips will help you every time. From organizing the dinner buffet to managing folding chair hire Sydney, these tips have everything covered, take a look:

1- Now the type of event:

The first thing you need to understand is that what type of event re you organizing. This becomes especially important when you are an event manager who deals with organizing various events. You will have to have thorough knowledge of what the event will be like, what type of guests will you have at the event, etc. this will help you in making choices of party venue, party food, type of chairs-folding chair hire Sydney or wrought iron chairs, types of music and other arrangements.

2- Work on the guest list:

You must know clearly how many guests you will invite. Depending upon the type of event you are organizing, you will have to invite the guests and for the guests you invite, you will have to arrange for. Keep in mind that while inviting an event, you must keep the type of venue in your mind. Inviting to many guests for an event in a small venue can cause nothing but misconception.

3- Arrange the best food and beverages:

Catering is an important part of any event. You must know that it is the food that people remember and it is what makes a party successful. So, you must be very vigilant about your choice of food and beverages. Find out whether your venue has its own food arrangements or you need to hire it from an outdoor caterer.

4- Sitting arrangement:

While you will want your guests to enjoy the party with dance and music, it is important to make proper seating arrangements for the guests to take a break. Thus, proper seating arrangement is a must requirement for any party. For this, you will need to hire the best folding chair hire Sydney who can make you all kinds of folding and non-folding chairs available. Make sure you hire a party hire who can offer you other services as well, including party effects equipment, machines for popcorn, cotton candy, tables, tables linen and more.

5- Music:

Music is the spirit of every party and thus you should be vigilant while selecting the music. Make sure your music is according to the types of guests attending the event. Also, you should have a steady playlist ready to avoid silence between two songs.

In What Ways Can an Electrician Help You?

As everyone knows, electrical works are highly sensitive and potentially dangerous which require an attention for a 24 hour electrician Brisbane. Therefore, whenever there’s an electrical emergency, you should always turn to professional electricians. The bigger question here is – how do you know which electrician is right for you?

Basically, an electrician can work in two jobs – residential and commercial. As the name implies, residential electricians are specialized in fitting a home for electrical wiring and investigating and repairing electrical problems in a home. Commercial electricians, on the other hand, specialize in carrying out electrical installations and repairs for office spaces, retail stores, and other businesses. Now, you have to simply decide whether you want electrical work done in your residence or commercial property and choose an electrician likewise.

Though most electricians choose to specialize in either residential or commercial jobs, it’s not necessarily true for all electricians. Many electricians today are trained and experienced to deal with a variety of electrical problems – whether commercial or residential.

What else can a professional electrician do?

A professional electrician specializes in electrical installation, upgrades, and repair works. Upgrading works typically consists of changing the electrical infrastructure in the home so it can accommodate the property owner’s needs. This can involve installing new outlets, or wiring high voltage outlets so the large appliances and machinery can be relocated. Another major aspect of an electrician’s job is to repair and as such, every electrician should have at least the basic knowledge of electrical troubleshooting in Riverside regardless of where they specialize – commercial or residential spaces. Electrical repairs typically involve repairing malfunctioning outlets, electronic equipment, and possible faulty wiring. Professional electricians are prepared to respond quickly to reduce the inconvenience of the property owner, as well as to assess any possible dangerous situation. Installation of wiring, circuits, fuses, outlets and any other electrical equipment needed in a residential or commercial property is another area every electrician should focus on in that it is one of the most complex electrical works. A professional electrician will know how to read the blueprints of the property in order to know where to install electrical equipment and work on the wiring.

All things said, every electrician must be licensed and have adequate skills and experience before you enlist them to work on your property. Regardless of whether you need repair of an outlet in your home or even a complete rewiring, it’s important that you look into the credentials of the electrician you’re hiring.

When you choose a licensed and experienced commercial or residential electrician in Riverside to carry out electrical works in your home or office, rest assured you’ll get safe and professional results always.

Three Steps On How To Become A Pilates Instructor

In the fast growing health and fitness industry it is important to become a certified dynamic Pilates manly if you want to offer courses on Pilates. Whether you want to provide classes or offer one-to-one sessions, the Pilates instructor course will help you gain confidence and realize your true potential. And the best part is to get enrolled and undergo the training process you don’t need to visit the training institute at all. There are online courses that you can avail to learn and become Pilates instructor. Today we are going to discuss how to become a Pilates instructor in three easy and effective steps.

Step 1: Do you have it in you to become the instructor? Find out now!

It is very important for Pilates instructors to have multiple skills. In addition to being passionate about this form of exercise, you need to have good communication skills and should be able to handle diverse types of individuals. Unless you are able to communicate properly and explain the nuances of this exercise, it will be difficult to teach others. It is very important to know your class participants and one-to-one clients if you wish to sustain your business.

This is not enough. You need to be patient with each of your clients. You cannot rush them through the class. Each participant has a different way of coping up. Hence, patience is very important. You have to be persistent with them, organized, creative, and social as well.

And finally you need to motivate them always so that they get the zeal to continue the classes. To be a good motivator is not an easy job.

Step 2: which branch of Pilates are you interested in?

Once you are sure that you have what it takes to become the instructor, your next step will be to find the right course module for you. There are different types of courses on offer. Each one aims at teaching you the essential skills and required knowledge to master the art so that at the end of the curse you become a confident instructor. Since you are opting for an online course, you will have training classes on the weekdays followed by interactive weekend classes. With online course you can easily carry out your regular lifestyle. Neither your work nor your professional life will get hampered.

There are three different courses that are recognized by the industry. They are:

  • Diploma in Mat Pilates: Considered to be a level 3 certification, this course will teach you the beginners lessons on how to become a Mat Pilates instructor. You will gain the knowledge and confidence to teach in a group or on-to-one bases.
  • Specialist Diploma in Mat Pilates: here small equipments are used to teach the Pilates. People who are suffering from joint pains or common injuries; even pre and postnatal women attend these classes. In other words you will become their instruction. It is a level3 certification.
  • Exercise Specialist Diploma: in this level 4 certification you will have the knowledge to suggest meal plans, recommend weight management and so on.

Step 3: Job opportunities and business offers

On completion of the Pilates instructor course you will get your certification and can set up your own business immediately or join any fitness centre to train individuals.

Are You Ready To Learn About Travel?

Traveling is a unique experience. There are many reasons for you to travel. You may be going on a business trip or vacation with your family. You have been given some great travel tips to help round out your experiences. Experience incredible sensory overloads that the best memories are made of during heli skiing Canada.

Be careful, and remember any food allergies while visiting other countries. If you have had severe reactions to certain foods, learn all the foreign words for those foods. By doing this, you can tell any wait staff or food handlers that you must avoid these certain foods or, even in a worst case scenario, you need to be able to tell medical professionals what is wrong.

Throw a few clothespins into your suitcase. Clothespins are not a typical travel item for many people, but should be reconsidered given their usefulness and versatility.

Before boarding your flight, get a quick workout in. This will not only help you to work out pre-flight jitters, it will also warm up your muscles to help you avoid cramps during a long flight. Not to mention the effects sitting for long time can have on your body. If you get a quick workout before boarding the flight, it can help to reduce the chance of getting leg cramps. If nothing else, try stretching a little.

Check the carrier’s website that you are most interested in to make sure you are getting the best price. Although low fares are found on websites like Kayak and Travelocity, often the best price is found on the official website of the airline.

Place contact and information on the inside and outside of your luggage. It is not unusual for exterior luggage tags to become detached from the bag along the way. In case something happens to your suitcase (and the tag), put some information inside it so that you can easily identify the bag, or that a baggage handler can find if for you promptly.

Deserts have great views and interesting plants and animals. There is something especially memorable about deserts for the first-time visitor, and no one should go their entire lives without experiencing the austere majesty of the desert.

Look at when your passport expires. There are rules about your passport in many countries. Even if it is still valid, if it expires soon, you may have problems. The range is typically between three and six months, but sometimes can be up to a year.

Rental firms typically require customers to be at least 18 years old, and some even have a lower age limit of 25. Chances are a rental agency will charge an under 25 driver a higher rate, and also a credit is needed. Some cities do not allow senior citizens to rent cars. Ask the company’s age restrictions when making reservations.

Pack travel candles in your luggage if you plan on staying at a hotel. Scented candles can eliminate offending mystery scents in hotel rooms. Besides, candles are great to create a relaxing or a romantic atmosphere. These candles are dripless and are available in travel sizes.

If you have a long flight, take along non-liquid snacks. Fresh snacks, especially fruit, can break up a trip and can provide a nice change to heavy airline food that often feels like a brick in your stomach. It helps you save money by not having to buy pricey food at the airport, and it could serve as an ice breaker to start a conversation with people sitting nearby.

Spend some time conversing with your fellow passengers at dinner when you are taking a cruise. Most ships seat you at large tables that include guests with whom you are not acquainted. Have fun meeting new people, and start conversations with them. You’ll be running into them daily, and may learn some things regarding the ship also.

If you want the best vacation experience possible, it is worthwhile to plan thoroughly before embarking on your journey. Use online travel reviews submitted by other travelers to gauge how fun and exciting and certain location may be. A little bit of time spent now could save you quite the headache later.

There is no doubt that travel plan hiccups can be frustrating. You may experience a delay in your flight. In cases such as these, you and the agent you speak with are the only people who can solve the problem. It’s easy to lose your top. Do not lose your temper. This will work wonders in terms of finding a quicker solution.

Keep flight delays to a minimum by booking a flight as early in the morning as you can. Because airports are generally full, if there is a delay in one plane, that delay spreads to later planes because they must wait for gates to come free. Very few things usually delay the first morning flight.

Tip generously. Tip the steward $20 when you board a cruise. Make a good first impression and you will receive superior service during the trip.

You can often go without luggage when traveling by air. This saves plenty of time and makes the travel much better. Send your luggage to your destination by FedEx or UPS. This will be worth it over the long run even though it may cost a little more.

Practically everyone has to travel sooner or later. You will not want to procrastinate when you do this. The tips from this article should help you accomplish all of that and more.

Skiing Tips For The New Players

Sunny skies and blooming wildflowers set the ideal atmosphere for a heli skiing Canada in Aspen. Skiing is an adventure sport that offers a great combination of speed, thrill, and fun. During the winter season, numerous people head towards mountains where they can enjoy this sport. As a result, many people start their skiing career every year. This clearly explains the kind of popularity the sport has gained over several decades. If you are also planning to start skiing either as a career or just for some fun, it is quite important to follow few tips that will help you glide smoothly along the snowy mountains.

For an absolute first-timer in skiing, it is wiser to rent skis than to buy them in the beginning. In addition to skis, you can also consider renting all the ski gears, including the gloves and the goggles. This is because these gears are usually quite expensive. You should buy them only after you have assessed how much you actually like the sport based on your first experience.

While renting or purchasing your skis for the first time, it is important to ensure that you choose skis that are nearly 30 cm shorter than your height. This is required for a good grip and balance. If you don’t get your first pair of skis right, you are likely to spoil your first ski experience. While selecting your ski shoes, you should check how comfortable and lightweight they are. They should not restrict the motion of your toes within the shoe, but at the same time they shouldn’t be loose enough to let your foot lift off the base.

After you have worn your ski protective accessories, such as helmets, goggles, and gloves, etc., take a few minutes to check if anything is loose, broken, or just plain uncomfortable. This will reduce the chances of any accidents during skiing. Also, it will minimize the possibilities of getting distracted because of unimportant things. A right set of ski helmet, ski goggles, and ski gloves is very important for your protection as well as for your comfort during the sport.

Balancing your weight is the most important skill while you are skiing. You need to remain calm and balanced right from your beginning stance. It would be better to have your first ski experience under the supervision of an experienced skier. Even if you can’t find anyone who is sufficiently experienced in skiing, you can certainly observe the weight balancing techniques as used by others before you start skiing.

How To Have A Celebrity-Style Wedding Reception On A Cheap Budget

All small wedding reception venues Melbourne at the Chalet get exclusive use of the Wattle Park Chalet’s Grand Hall and private garden for your reception and ceremony, as well as our wonderful park for photos. Have you always dreamed of an elaborate wedding reception, but have become content with a simple reception to save money and/or time? Well, you shouldn’t give up on your dreams. Your wedding is a special day and you don’t want to have to look back wishing you had done things differently. It is in your best interest to create the wedding that will be most memorable and happy for you. Despite widespread notions, having a celebrity-style wedding reception doesn’t have to mean cleaning out your bank account. By using some unconventional resources you can have the wedding reception to rival those of celebrities, but without the high cost.

Get Organized Before you can actually start putting your celebrity-style wedding reception together, you need to get yourself organized. Think about what you want. At this stage, don’t worry about how much things will cost. When you get to the shopping stage you will be able to determine what is feasible or not. The main items you should include on your list are wedding venue, decorations, food and drink, placecards, centerpieces, and music.

Enlist the Troops If you want to save money on your wedding reception-skip hiring a professional. These individuals are typically highly skilled in what they do and their fees prove it! Your best bet is to find people who are willing to help you for free. You shouldn’t have look further than your family and friends. Enlist the services of as many people as you can. This includes children. Children can be especially helpful with repetitive crafts, so include them in your wedding reception plans. Don’t wait until the last minute to solicit assistance. Let people know way in advance that you will need them to help you with your wedding reception.

Time to Shop With your list of wedding reception ideas in hand, it is time to start shopping. The venue for your wedding reception will probably be the most expensive part of the reception. Cheap alternatives that don’t look cheap include restaurants and church halls. If you choose to have your wedding reception at a restaurant, make sure that you can use your own flatware, plates, and glasses. You can purchase elegant versions of these at discount shops for less than $100, depending on the number of guests you invite. Simplify food at your wedding reception by having three choices from which your guests can choose when they RSVP to your invitation. Caters charge less when you order by the plate. As an added touch you can place a delicious assortment of divinity on each table. For your centerpieces and decorations, hobby shops offer the best prices. You can find design ideas that you can create you and your troops can create for very little. Placecards aren’t a necessity, but if you have assigned people at tables, placecards will help people to find their table. You can create your own wedding reception placecards by purchasing an inexpensive greeting card software program and elegant paper. You will need an inkjet printer to print the cards. Unless you know someone who will offer you a cheap price for wedding reception music, skip the DJ and the live band. Creating a few CDs of various popular love songs is a less expensive choice.

Reward the Troops A wedding dinner with the wedding party (bride, groom, bridesmaids, groomsmen, parents) just before the wedding ceremony is traditional. It is a good idea to either invite your wedding reception helpers to this dinner or to a separate fun event. At this event you should show your appreciation for helping make your wedding reception the best ever!

Make Your Office More Green

Going green in the office should be good for the staff and for the company but despite this, many firms will struggle to implement green initiatives unless they have a specific policies in place and a member of staff prepared to champion the green cause. Office rubbish removal Sydney provide recycling when we remove computers, printers, copy machines, copiers, monitors, networking equipment, and any other big bulky computer machinery.

This is because making changes requires time and effort, as well as in some cases an initial outlay of capital, whereas doing nothing, even if that means higher ongoing costs, is often the easy option.

If you have the ability to make and implement decisions that can have a positive (or negative) green impact on your office you should be considering the environmental impact of those decisions as part of the decision making process.

This does not mean that if you are not in a position to authorise changes within your company that you can not initiate these changes, although it does mean you may have to work harder to make an impact by assessing where improvements can be made and making the case to those who do have the power to make changes.

As with many things, simple steps can have a large positive impact. Two areas that can have immediate green advantages without significant cost expenditure are in the areas of recycling and energy use.

Rubbish and recycling collections may be organised by your company or through the building management and whilst changes to the provision of waste collection will require cooperation from the current provider, changes will also need the involvement of staff and your daily cleaners. Many refuse collection services now work on the basis of collecting office rubbish in the categories of general recycling and non recyclable waste. There is usually a cost advantage in sorting waste with the recycling being cheaper to dispose of than rubbish that goes to landfill, so this could be a good starting point to introduce a change within your office, but it will also mean that staff need to be committed enough to sort rubbish into the respective types. One way to make the task of sorting rubbish easier is by removing the traditional under desk waste bins and providing central refuse stations within the office, so that staff have to make a conscious decision in disposing of their rubbish.

Energy use is another area where small changes can have cost advantages. Any refurbishment programme should incorporate energy saving elements like sensors on lights and energy efficient equipment. Even if there is no planned capital spend replacing old bulbs with energy efficient ones and reducing the temperature of the heating in winter or turning down the air conditioning in summer can have a positive green impact with little or no cost implications to implement.

Simon Murray is a businessman and author writing for the internet about business and real estate matters and promoting green property management techniques. He also maintains a directory of serviced offices

Article Source: https://EzineArticles.com/expert/S_Murray/432696

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How to Change Or Install a New Light Fixture

Clients are really valuable to electrician Brisbane Southside, every inquiry this immediately response and act quickly as possible. Changing or installing a light fixture can be as easy and safe as changing a bulb if done properly. Many people are scared of electricity because they simply do not know enough about electricity or how it functions. With a few well learned simple rules it can save you a great deal of money in installation fees.

Light fixtures come in thousands of different shapes and sizes, colors and finishes. Plastic, metal, wood and glass are all common materials used in fixtures today. You can purchase fixtures at Big box stores, hardware stores and lighting specialty stores. The specialty stores generally carry a higher end price line of fixtures but can also order or have custom made fixtures done for you as well. Box stores do not usually provide that level of service. If you need an inexpensive jelly jar fixture for outside your garage door, a $5.99 fixture is available everywhere. If you need an eight foot high chandelier for your main hallway or dining room for $8000 dollars, a specialty store would be more in line with your needs. Do not and I repeat, do not attempt to install or replace an eight foot chandler on your first try at fixture replacement. Start with an inexpensive jelly jar unit.

The very first thing you do is unpack the fixture and make sure everything is included. Fixture, screws, mounting plate, wire nuts, assembly instructions and so on. You will need a electrical current tester (voltmeter or test light), wire stripper tool, flat nosed pliers with side cutters and a screw driver. The very next thing to do without exception is to turn off the power breaker to the power outlet at the main electrical panel. This is without exception. Your life could depend upon it. Do not get careless. Many people are injured each year thinking the power was turned off. Make sure it is without a doubt.. If you are afraid or not sure, call in a pro. Do not take chances. Ok now with the power breaker off, use your testing tool to assure the power is off at the outlet. Carefully remove the wire nuts and touch a lead from your tester to each black and white wire. You should get no reading or light. If you do, you turned off the wrong breaker. Do it again. With no power, we can now safely remove the old fixture. Remove any screws or bolts holding the fixture, wire nuts, ground straps and carefully place the old fixture safely out of your way for disposal.

I find that many times the mounting bracket for the new fixture is the same as the old and does not need replacing. This saves a little work and time. First connect the bare copper fixture wire to the solid copper ground wire in the power cable in the gem box. This will ground the fixture and can provide a little support while you work. Next connect the white fixture wire to the white power wire with the flat nosed pliers by twisting the last one inch of the wires together and then add one of the new wire nuts. Repeat this process with the black wire.The fixture is now wired. I then install a new bulb and turn on the switch. Having someone standing there, go to the main breaker and turn it on for a test. If the fixture lights, you did the job well. If the breaker kicks off, you may have crossed the wires or have a bare wire touching the electrical box causing a short. Turn the breaker back off and check you work. Always work with the power off. Assuming the power test went well, return to the fixture and carefully tuck the wires into the gem box neatly being careful not to dislodge the wire nuts. Install the mounting screws to hold the fixture to the wall, add the required bulbs, chains, or other accessories and your done. Turn the power back on. As you progress in replacing bigger and more complicated fixtures you may want to try installing a new fixture where one did not exist. In the national electrical code (NEC) which virtually all of the states recognize as the authority, a new fixture is an extension of the homes electrical system and requires an inspection by an underwriter. Many, many municipalities require a building or electrical permit for this work as well and also require you to submit to them a copy of the electrical certificate the underwriters will issue after inspection of the new work. Does this happen in real life? Not really but it is the code. Many fixtures are changed or added without permits or inspections and that is why so much care needs to be taken with this work.

People add on an outlet in a garage or basement and never give it a thought. A new fixture over the bathroom sink or even trading out a old style outlet for a newer type with a grounding hole technically are all changes to the homes electrical system. An incorrectly installed Ground Fault Interrupter outlet (GFI) can provide a false sense of security and protection and in fact offer none at all. A faulty GFI can result in a death just to save $75 or so by an qualified electrician. I have found entire portions of a home rewired by the homeowner without regard to the number of outlets on a single breaker, lights wired to outlets, incorrect wire sizes, outlet placement and so on. All of these requirements are there for a reason. You and your families safety depends on it. If you don’t know the rules call in someone who does. Many localities today also require an electrician to have a license. If they do, ask to see it before he–she works on your home. Unauthorized alterations to a homes electrical system may cause you a great deal of grief with your insurance company in the case of a a fire or injury. In my area, a homeowner may perform his own work but is subject to the same rules and inspections as a licensed electrician.

If you decide you can handle adding a new fixture, the rules are pretty much the same for one light as ten lights. Check the amperage draw on the fixture, add it to the other items on that breaker and if it is less than the breakers capability (15 amps perhaps) then your good to go. We are installing an outside jelly jar at a side door in this example. Find the closest power source that is fed from the panel. This may be an outlet but is seldom another light fixture. If you feed from an existing fixture, that fixture will have to be on for you to operate your new fixture and thats generally a no, no. If you locate a nearby outlet that is powered unless the breaker is off, check the inside of the box for the number of wires. If it is two wires or less, you have a good place to tie into the electrical system without overloading the electrical box.. With the breaker in the off position, carefully unscrew the existing outlet and pull it gently out of the box. The wires will come with it at the same time exposing the wire nuts. Run you new electrical wire from the existing box to the new box you installed for the light switch and the fixture by the door. The minimum size wire would be fourteen gage wire. I use all twelve gage for extra safety. Your wire will have a black, a white and a solid copper wire inside the jacket. Pull the wire into and through the electrical boxes at both ends. Leave about one foot of wire sticking out of all boxes. If you are using plastic gem boxes, they will have a tab that holds the wire in place with no further work to hold the wire. If you are using metal gem boxes, you will find a clamp and screw inside the box that must be tightened to secure the power wire in place. Tighten the screw well but not enough to crimp or cut the plastic jacket wrap on your power wire. If the new wire is in exposed stud walls, fasten the wire to the studs with the proper electrical staples. One staple should be within four to six inches of the boxes and the rest of the wire must be sufficiently stapled to secure the wire in place. Again, do not drive the staples so deep that you cut or crimp the wires jacket.

Unpack your jelly jar fixture and install it according to the instructions included with the fixture. These are simple fixtures with only two mounting screws to secure the fixture bracket to the gem box, three wire nuts to connect the black, white and copper ground wires and two final screws or nuts to affix the fixture to the mounting bracket.. Install the bulb and any covers or glass.

Now install your switch. Connect the two bare copper wires together with a wire nut and pack tightly into the back of the box. Connect the two white wires together with a wire nut and also pack them into the box. Now using the two black wires, strip back ¾ inch of wire wrap, curve the wire ends into a loop and fasten securely under the screws on the side of the switch. I like to wrap one strip of electricians black tape around my switches and outlets to cover the screws. When removing these later, it helps prevent an accidental shock from someone placing their fingers across the screws. Fasten the switch into the gem box with the screws provided.

Moving to the end of the wire where you are getting your power we will assume it is at an outlet for this example. Strip back the exterior plastic jacket on your cable as far into the box as you can reach exposing the three wires inside. Be careful not to damage the outside wrap on the black and white wires. The copper wire has no covering. Connect the solid copper wire to the other solid copper wires in the gem box or the green colored screw on the outlet if one is available. This completes the ground wire. Connect the black and white wires to the outlet. Make sure white is connected to white and black is connected to black. Do not cross these wire colors or you will create a dead short in the system. One method on newer outlets is to strip back approximately ¾ of an inch of wire covering and stab the wire into the proper hole in the back of the outlet. You will see that the black and white wires are on opposing holes on each side. If black is in the top hole on one side, the white is in the bottom hole on the other. This configuration will make both receptacles openings have power. A better method is to strip your wires and connect to the screws on the sides of the outlet. The screws are chrome or silver and brass colored. An easy reminder for yourself is black= brass or B to B. When you connect your wire for your outlet, just use the remaining two opposing holes and you will have full time power to your light switch. Replace the outlet back into it’s original position in the box.

Turn your breaker back on at this point. If all your work was done correctly the breaker will stay on with no problem. If it kicks off, you have a short and you must recheck your work. Turn the breaker back on and check all the wire nuts and wires to assure none are crossed, touching each other or the metal boxes, etc. If the breaker stays on, try the light switch to assure the fixture lights properly. If the fixture works correctly, install your plate and outlet covers. Your jelly jar light is done.

All fixtures are basically the same with perhaps more mounting bolts or screws and many have dozens of parts to assemble but the wiring portion is the same. Once you have this basic wiring method well learned you can progress to three and four way switches and other more complicated wiring chores.

Pete
Your Friendly Building Inspector

BICES-Building Inspection & Code Enforcement System Software

Pete Ackerson is a 30+ year building inspector with experience in both public and private construction industries. From schools to treatment plants, from private homes and condo projects, to large residential landscaping projects, he has worked both in the building design areas and field construction in the Eastern US. In 2006 he formed along with two other building inspectors, Wagsys LLC which produced software for municipal agencies in the fields of building departments, planning boards and Zoning Boards of Appeals.

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Pool Chemicals: Pool Shock

What does “Shocking” a swimming pool mean, and why is it necessary? Pool shock is a granular pool chemical, which should be added to your swimming pool at least once each week. You should shock more frequently if the pool is used heavily, after you receive large amounts of rain, or during extended periods of hot, sunny weather. The chlorine tablets or granular chlorine that you constantly dissolve into your pool water seeks out and combines with bacteria and other organics on a molecular level, to neutralize these harmful contaminants. In the process of killing these harmful contaminants the chlorine becomes inactive, and the chlorine and bacteria that have combined together is called “Combined Chlorine”. The combined chlorine must be removed from the swimming pool to keep your pool water safe and clean. The combined chlorine is removed by “Shocking” the swimming pool. Super chlorinating or “Shocking” means drastically raising the chlorine level of the swimming pool for a short time, to a high enough level that the combined chlorine is oxidized and burnt off. Pool removal Sydney services is reasonably best offer that you can get.

Which Shock should you use? There seems to be a very wide selection of swimming pool shock on the market, and each pool supply distributor works hard to make their product seem a step above the rest. When all of the products are compared side by the side, the only real difference on the labels is the concentration of the active ingredients in the product. The standard pool shock that most pool owners use has the active ingredient Calcium Hypochlorite. You should expect the label to read 65% Calcium Hypochlorite. Another more concentrated version of the pool shock may have as much as 75% Calcium Hypochlorite. Some manufacturers advertise a Calcium Hypochlorite based shock product, which allows you to swim in the pool shortly after adding it. Upon examining the label you will notice that the concentration of Calcium Hypochlorite is only around 47%. Although you can swim shortly after using this type of shock product, the lower concentration of Calcium Hypochlorite may not be enough to effectively destroy bacteria and harmful contaminants in your pool. Another chlorine based shock product that most pool supply distributors offer is commonly referred to as “Lithium Shock”. Rather than the active ingredient Calcium Hypochlorite that is found in common Pool Shock, Lithium Shock contains Lithium Hypochlorite. Lithium shock uses lithium as a filler instead of the calcium, which allows this product to dissolve in water much quicker and does not affect the calcium hardness level of the swimming pool. Although Lithium Shock is superior to the common Calcium Hypochlorite based pool shock, this product is not used by most pool owners due to the higher cost. In addition to the chlorine based pool shock, you will find a product called Chlorine-Free Pool Shock.

This revolutionary pool chemical performs the same task of oxidizing bacteria and organics in your swimming pool water, but it does not contain chlorine or chemicals that are harsh on swimmers eyes and skin. Chlorine-Free pool shock performs just as well as a chlorine based swimming pool shock by using the active ingredient Potassium Monopersulfate. Chlorine free pool shock uses a unique chemical process to destroy bacteria, instead of raising the chlorine level of water to dangerous levels. You can actually swim in the pool only one hour after using Chlorine-Free Shock. Chlorine based pool shock (Calcium Hypochlorite) has a high pH, and will naturally raise the pH level of your swimming pool water, in addition to changing your chlorine level. Chlorine free shock has a neutral pH, and will not affect any of your pool chemical levels. Chlorine-free shock is also superior to chlorine based pool shock for normal weekly shocking because of the inert ingredients and fillers that are used in the product. Each time chlorine based (Calcium-Hypochlorite) swimming pool Shock is added to your water, you are adding calcium to the pool. This may eventually raise the calcium hardness level of the water, causing cloudiness or scaling along the water line. Chlorine based swimming pool shock should always be kept on hand, because it is the ONLY pool chemical that will kill algae after algae has grown in the pool. If your water chemistry is properly maintained, and you shock your swimming pool at least once a week, you will never see algae or experience water problems of any kind!

Don’t use Liquid Shock! Another type of shock that is widely available at any local pool store, hardware store and many grocery stores is liquid chlorine. This liquid chlorine is commonly used as shock, and used in place of chlorine tablets. Many pool owners believe this liquid chlorine is all they need to properly maintain a swimming pool, and unfortunately this is incorrect. Liquid chlorine is very inefficient and costly compared to properly maintaining a swimming pool using chlorine tablets and a weekly shock treatment. Liquid shock may seem easier to use than the granular shock for some pool owners because you simply walk up to the pool and dump the liquid in. The problem is that after you dump the hazardous liquid in your pool, you have to dispose of all the empty plastic bottles with the dangerous chemical residue inside. Granular pool shock is packaged in small, easy to use 1 lb. bags. If any children have access to the area where pool chemicals are stored it will be far easier to have an accident involving full or empty bottles of liquid chlorine, than an accident with bags of granular pool shock. Granular Pool Shock is rated at a minimum of 47% available chlorine and available in concentrations up to 75%. If you look at the label on a bottle of liquid chlorine it will say that it is ONLY 10% sodium Hypochlorite (chlorine)!! This means you are paying for 90% salt water with every bottle you buy. The dosage for a standard granular pool shock is 1 lb. per 10,000 gallons of pool water. If you are currently using a liquid shock, you should compare the cost of a dose of liquid shock to the cost of a dose of granular pool shock. You will find that granular pool shock can offer you a considerable savings.

Instructions for “shocking” a swimming pool: Now that you know why you need to shock your pool and which pool shock product to use, the next question is how do you shock your pool. Before any pool shock is added to your swimming pool water the chemical must first be pre-dissolved in a bucket of water. All forms of pool shock are granular, and should dissolve relatively quickly. The first step is to fill a 5-gallon bucket with water from the pool and slowly pour the granular pool shock into the bucket of water (NEVER add water to a chemical, always add chemicals to water). Stir the bucket well and agitate the water for one minute or more to dissolve the pool shock. With the filtration system running, slowly pour the bucket of dissolved shock directly in front of the return line fitting. You will see the dissolved shock water being carried out into the pool by the jet of water coming from the return line. Pour slow enough that all of the water pouring from the bucket is carried out into the pool, and does not settle to the pool floor. When you near the bottom of the bucket (down to about 1/4 left in the bucket) you should fill the bucket back up with pool water and stir it again for one minute or more. There will be shock granules at the bottom of the bucket, which did not dissolve the first time. If you have a vinyl liner in your swimming pool you cannot allow un-dissolved pool shock to settle to the floor, because this may bleach or stain your pool liner.

Please visit http://www.InTheSwim.com for a complete selection of algae treatment chemicals and quality pool supplies.

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